Poetry concepts

IambUnstressed + Stressed
TrocheeStressed + Unstressed
SpondeeStressed + Stressed
AnapestUnstressed + Unstressed + Stressed
DactylStressed + Unstressed + Unstressed

MonometerOne Foot
DimeterTwo Feet
TrimeterThree Feet
TetrameterFour Feet
PentameterFive Feet
HexameterSix Feet
HeptameterSeven Feet
OctameterEight Feet

Incomplete foot at the end of the line: Catalexis
Complete foot at the end of the line: Acatalexis

distichtwo lines
tercetthree lines
quatrainfour lines
cinquainfive lines
sestet/sextainsix lines
septetseven lines
octaveeight lines


I regularly post epigrams. In The New Encyclopædia Britannica, 15th edition, 2002, it says:

Epigram, originally an inscription suitable for carving on a monument, but since the time of the Greek Anthology applied to any brief and pithy verse, particularly if astringent and purporting to pint a moral.”

Preferably, but not necessarily, the epigram is rhyming, and made up of lines consistent, speaking of rhythm. This is an example, by me, of an epigram:


God is one and God is two –
is to feel and is to do.
Heart and mind is being it
which by you are being fit.

The form of the epigram is not restricted to four lines, though, and not to the metrical feets iamb or trochee. The form of mine is. I call these iambic or trochaic tetrametric quatrains "locuses".